Colgate University is a residential liberal arts institution that values the kind of critical inquiry, hands-on learning, free-flow of knowledge, and creation of wisdom that unfold most naturally in face-to-face teaching. The only thing Colgate values more, in fact, is the health and safety of every member of its community. The coronavirus pandemic has necessarily prevented us from teaching in the way we do best. Until we can safely return to meeting all of our students face-to-face, we remain committed to delivering the best education we can, relying on an arsenal of tools, technologies, and strategies. This moment has made learners of us all.
Teach Where You Are describes a number of optional modes for teaching in fall 2020. These range from fully in-person classes, which may be possible under some limited circumstances, to fully remote and asynchronous formats. From this mix-and-match menu, we faculty members are being invited to choose the mode or modes that best serve our material, our pedagogies, and our personal lives. The administration’s stance on the re-opening of the university grants us enormous flexibility and autonomy. Whatever form our teaching takes this fall, we should bear in mind Colgate’s strong commitment to frequent, meaningful interactions between faculty and students. There are literally thousands of ways such interactions can unfold; many are described in detail on this site.
The global pandemic seems as fine a time as any to reaffirm our shared belief that every Colgate student deserves to thrive intellectually and perhaps be transformed by four years on this hill. The promise of a Colgate education gets delivered not all at once but in many moments. When we try to picture what transpires in one such moment, the thing we’re most likely to see is a teacher talking with a student. Come August, let’s all agree to find plenty of ways to keep doing this.
Transitioning to Remote Instruction
“Just because we’re teaching remotely doesn’t mean we’re remote.”
— Professor Lynn Staley, Harrington & Shirley Drake Professor of the Humanities and Medieval & Renaissance Studies in the Department of English
The characteristics of the transition do not fit a simple model. Why? Just as with traditional face-to-face teaching, no single mode or small set of modes can adequately provide a rubric that accommodates the enormous variation across academic disciplines. The expectation for teaching this fall is to offer the best courses possible under unique and unfamiliar circumstances. For us now, teaching remotely in full or in part is a temporary adjustment, not a step toward remote teaching’s becoming the prominent feature of a liberal arts education at a residential college. The task before us is a significant challenge, yet it provides an opportunity to experiment with our teaching and to more deeply explore our pedagogy. We will all emerge from this experience as more nimble and flexible teachers who are also better prepared for the future.
Teaching and learning face-to-face is where Colgate faculty and students thrive. That mode is temporarily disrupted and we are now required to transition from a fully in-person mode to one that includes some aspects of remote teaching. Faculty will determine the characteristics of our courses as we make this transition in the fall of 2020. While it will be possible for some classes to start the semester in a face-to-face mode, we all will need to plan for a shift to remote instruction after Thanksgiving, or in the event that students and/or faculty become unable to attend in person. It is important to keep in mind that moving our classes to a remote mode doesn’t mean we will lose the human connection with our students. It does mean, however, that we will need to rely on each other, be patient with ourselves and our students, and utilize our strengths while acknowledging our limitations. Teach Where You Are acknowledges the commitment that we bring to our teaching: Spending time with students in the classroom and during office hours is central to what we do. As we develop our modes of teaching for the fall semester, whether in-person or remote or somewhere in between, we must do our best to honor that commitment.
This Teach Where You Are website offers guidance for reaching goals as we transition hundreds of courses to a fully remote mode, which will happen to all courses by Thanksgiving at the latest. As you think about your courses and make decisions on how you will teach, keep in mind that our success teaching remotely during the second half of last semester was largely supported by the communities that were built during the initial in-person part of the semester. Courses that include hybridization of in-person and remote modes are likely to be the most effective, although certainly not the only way for establishing a sense of community. To begin working on the transition process for particular courses, you should:
The components of hybrid and fully remote teaching that we may consider when designing our courses for the fall are described more fully under Strategies on this website. Tools to implement these strategies are offered in the subsequent section. Please familiarize yourself with the rich sets of options and advice in Strategies and Tools to assess how they can help you design and implement an effective teaching strategy for each of your courses.
Our course syllabi will need to include provisions for fully remote teaching after Thanksgiving — or sooner, should illness or decisions by the state necessitate this. Although the date of transition is not entirely predictable, all faculty who are not already teaching remotely can expect to need to transition their mode of teaching from mostly in-person to fully remote, or from hybrid to fully remote. We and our students need to anticipate the need for changes in course format, including some changes that may have to be made on the fly. How might this be accomplished while maintaining the standards of the curriculum offered to Colgate students? Thoughtful planning in the design of courses will increase the likelihood of our successes. To design hybrid courses that combine in-person and remote teaching, you can choose from nearly endless combinations that might be reduced to a set of categories, models, or options:
Remote and hybrid teaching modes are diverse. The figure above depicts a set of potential modes that may be employed this semester. The Hybrid and Fully Remote modes are described in the text below.
It is possible that with a bit of luck and a lot of good health, an instructor and students may be able to remain in a fully in-person mode prior to Thanksgiving. When that is not possible, several hybrid options are available for consideration:
Option 1: Teaching with some students participating in person while others participate simultaneously remotely
This hybrid (i.e., in-person plus remote) option appears very likely as the norm as we look to the anticipated structure of the fall semester. This option does not preclude the use of asynchronous teaching (e.g., recorded lectures). It does present the challenge of how to best simultaneously engage in-class students and other students participating through video (i.e., Zoom). For the sake of simplicity, we can refer to this option as Hybrid, Synchronous.
Option 2: Teaching segments of a course in person, other segments remotely
This hybrid option is likely if the semester begins with all enrolled students participating with the instructor in the classroom, but then the course is moved to remote teaching for all students. This transition can happen at any time during the semester (i.e., at the Thanksgiving break or earlier). We can call this Hybrid, In-Person to Remote, Synchronous.
Option 3: Teaching remotely as students are in a classroom or elsewhere
This option essentially physically isolates the instructor, because all of the enrolled students would be viewing the instructor on video. It can accommodate an instructor who is required to remain at home, is out of town, or is in an office on campus. We can refer to this option as Remote, Synchronous.
Option 4: Fully remote teaching requiring the instructor to prepare all video lectures or alternative presentations of materials
Students would be required to use the materials on a schedule determined by the instructor. This option should be accompanied by extensive contact and communication with your students. This can be called Remote, Asynchronous.
** After consulting with the Academic Affairs Board the Provost & Dean of the Faculty requested the following update in September 2020: “In all teaching modes, including asynchronous ones, there should be significant synchronous contact and communication with students, beyond office hours, whether collectively, individually, or in groups.”
Option 5: Fully remote teaching using a mix of synchronous scheduled class meetings and asynchronous presentation of materials
Asynchronous materials may include video lectures or PowerPoint presentations. We can refer to this as Remote, Asynchronous and Synchronous.
Option 6: A mix of some or all characteristics of in-person and remote teaching throughout the semester
This category is listed here to emphasize that any single option may not completely suit the needs of an instructor in a particular course at a particular time in the semester. We’ll call this option Anything Goes, because it can include elements of Hybrid, Asynchronous and Synchronous.
This Teach Where You Are website cannot prescribe for us the best category that will fulfill the needs related to the goals of any of our courses, or how content might best be delivered. So we must individually choose what works best for our situation and our students. The options or categories listed above give a feel for the various possibilities within hybrid or a fully remote modes of teaching. Once you have identified a practical mix of in-person/remote, synchronous/asynchronous modes, including when and how you might switch between them, you are then ready to proceed to make decisions regarding fundamental characteristics of courses. You might ask yourself the following questions:
Just to say it again, the Strategies section of this Teach Where You Are website offers an abundance of possible answers to the questions posed above. For concrete ways you might implement your selected strategies, check out Tools. Even more possibilities are listed under Training and Additional Resources. The upcoming semester is going to be unlike anything we’ve ever experienced. This website can help.